Noble Bhatti Rajputs

Notable भाटी Bhatti Rajputs

  • Raja Aziz Bhatti Nishan-e-Haider Pakistan, the highest gallantry award posthumously during the 1965 Indo-Pak war.”1928-September 10, 1965), 17 Punjab “

Bhati Fiefdoms

In Rajasthan

  • Jaisalmer
    • Nimbodia
    • Satalmer
    • Tanot
  • Osian
    • Umaidnagar
  • Sodawas
  • Khejarla
    • Satheen

Fort Khejarla was constructed in early 1611 A.D. for Maharajah Gopal Das Ji, who was granted ‘Jagirs’ (fiefdoms) of Khejarla and nearby villages for his great achievement in war against the Mughals, in honour of his service to the Maharaja of Jodhpur. The Mughal army rolled in to attack the Fort three times. Each time the Fort was destroyed, it was rebuilt.

In Himachal Pradesh

  • Sirmur
    • Ratesh

 

Rai Abdullah Khan Bhatti Rajput

Rai Abdullah Khan Bhatti, popularly known asDulla Bhatti (Urduدُلّا بهٹّى‎), (Punjabi: Shahmukhi دًﻻ بھٹى, Punjabi: Gurmukhi ਦੁੱਲਾ ਭੱਟੀ), was a famous legendary Rajpoot hero of the Punjab, who led a rebellion against the Mughal emperor Akbar. Such was the level of resistance put up by Rai Abdullah Khan that Akbar had to shift his capital from Delhi toLahore for nearly 20 years, making the Lahore Forthis headquarters, and renovating its basic structure. There is an epic in the Punjabi language called Dulle Di Vaar (Ballad), which narrates the battle events of Dulla Bhatti, and a region in the Pakistani Punjabcalled Dulle Di Bar meaning the forest of Dulla Bhatti. This legendary Rajput hero is said to be buried at Miani Sahib Graveyard in LahorePunjabPakistan. The town Dullewala (Bhakkar District) is named after him, being the place where Dulla Bhatti where was sheltered by with his allies. According to one version of events, recounted in the twentieth century by Ghulam Mohammad Rulia of Taran Taran in the Faisalabad district after independence, and compiled by Ahmad Saleem for the National Council of the Arts and the Folklore Research Centre, Islamabad, Dulla’s rebellion was sparked when Akbar had his father and grandfather hanged. Dulla was given a alcohol mixed with poison thats how he Died, and the site of his death is still remembered as the “Itwar Bazaar”(Sunday Market).

Contents

 

  • 1 Early days
  • 2 Rise of Dulla
  • 3 Final chapter
  • 4 Dulla Bhatti and Shah Hussain
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Early days

Dulla Bhatti was born as Abdullah Khan Bhatti in a Muslim Rajput family to Ladhi and Rai Farid KhanBhatti, and grandson of Rai Sandal Khan Bhatti in the area of Sandal Bar in “SandalWal”, in modern day Pindi Bhattian, now in Pakistan (Sandal Bar). The people of this area were known to provide stiff opposition to marauders. Mahmud of Ghazni had carried out one special campaign to subdue the warrior Bhatti Rajputs of Sandal Bar. His grandfather Rai Sandal Khan was a tribal chief and head of all the rajputs of the area, and held nearly all the tract of that bar stretching from modern dayHafizabad up to Multan border. His family was directly descended from Rawal Jaisal Singh who founded “The Golden City” of Jaisalmer. Even Babur makes a mention of the resistance offered to him by these chivalrous tribals in his autobiography Baburnama. In due course of time, the Mughals had consolidated their hold over the entire country but dominance of the region lying between the Chenab and Ravi eluded them. Many people of this area refused paid any taxes, openly defied the authorities and indulged in looting the royal caravans and treasures. A chief protagonist of such activities was Rai Sandal Khan Bhatti, e Raja and tribal chief of the area. Dulla’s family ruled the area of “Sandal Bar” from 1332 A.D, like their ancestors Dulla also continued to do the same and even extended up his state to modern day Bhakkar district,he had complete control over the territory and it was ruled by Bhatti Rajputs under him.[2] He(Dulla) following in the footsteps of his father and grandfather, waged a guerrilla warfare against the Mughal Empire.According to his mother Laddhi, Dulla was a Lion .He refused to accept the legitimacy of Mughal King Akbar and refused to pay any tax. When Akbar came to Lahore, he ordered the execution of the rebels.Legend has it that to instill fear into the hearts of the common man, Akbar got their skins stuffed with wheat husk (ਤੂੜੀ, تُوڑى) and hung the dead-bodies on the main door.

Dulla wasn’t even born yet. For some reason, he was never told of the cause of his father’s and grandfather’s death until he was a young man.

The story of Dulla has been poetically treated by many, and has been written in style known as Saddaan (similar to Mirza by Peelu and Bhagwan Singh). The above incident is thus narrated:

Tera sandal dada maareya, ditta bhore vich paa, Mughlaan puthhiyaan khallaan laah ke bhariyaan naal hawaa.

In the Chardah (East) Punjab-now India-during the Lohri bonfires that mark the end of the deep winter and the start of spring (Capricorn Constellation-Makar appears over the horizon) all the Sikh and Hindu families mark Dulla Bhatti’s social and humanitarian contribution made to rescue and then reintegrate the abducted children and girls from the Mughal forces. The Lohri Song is sung upon the birth of a baby boy.

Rise of Dulla

As Dulla grew up he became a real fighter and warrior learning the art with his keen eye from here and there as he was the tribal chief and hereditary raja of the rajputs, unknowingly in the foot-steps of his father and grandfather. When he was young enough, his mother told him the about the past and from then on Dulla pledged that his only purpose in life was to defeat Akbar and kill him. In the meantime, Salim had a fall out with Akbar over Salim’s love affair with Anarkali. Salim rebelled and came up North-west and met up with Dulla. Salim instigated Dulla further to achieve his own motive as well. With Salim’s support, Dulla built up a small army which made loots from the imperial treasure and merchants in the area of Sandal Bar. The famous loots among them being stealing horses from a merchant who was supposed to be working for the Akbar, then robbing Akbar’s gifts sent from the Middle East. His loots were distributed among the poor and this made him a popular and a heroic rebel. His compassion for the poor and his help in getting poor girls married is still remembered, especially during the times of celebrating the festival of Lohri (mostly falls on 13 January).For such popular actions aimed at disbursing looted money amongst poor, he is also known as robin hood of Punjab.

Seeing so much support for his nephew, Dulla’s uncle Jalaludin, got envious and complained to Akbar against the mischievous Dulla.Legendary stories are associated with the brave Dulla Bhatti. He used to rob rich to help the poor and needy. It is believed that Dulla had restored the prestige of an innocent girl whose modesty was outraged by a Mughal general. There are various versions of the actual story. Some traditions say that Dulla had adopted this girl as his daughter and arranged her marriage in the Jungles of Sandal Bar.

Final chapter

Irritated by the daily ambushes, Akbar dispatched two of his able generals; Meerza Ala-ud-din and Meerza Zia-ud-din with the command of over 12000 troops. The army reached Dullah’s village but could not find him. Due to his Robin Hood personality, Dullah was popular among masses. Akbar had ordered the generals to bring Dullah, dead or alive and failing that, bring the women of his house to the court. In obedience of the orders, the army secured the women and started marching towards Lahore.

When word reached Dullah, he charged back. The two sides fought with courage but the Moghul army was soon on the run. The generals begged Ladhi for their life, who then ordered Dullah to forgive them. After the shameful defeat, the Moghuls invited him for talks and deceitfully arrested him. Upholding tradition, he was kept for a while at the Shahi Qila and was hanged in front of Kotwali, a police station now marks the place. His funeral was administered by the Sufi poet, Shah Hussain. The story of this son of the soil spans from the graveyard of Miani Saheb to Dullewala in Bhakkar District. Moghuls had thought that burying Dullah would suppress the rebel soul but the Chughtais knew little of the Punjabi tradition. Written on the lines of Mirza Saheban, the mothers of Punjab sang the epic of Dullah to their children for quite few centuries.

Dulla Bhatti and Shah Hussain

Maulvi Noor Ahmad Chishti narrates an incident about Shah Hussein Lahori in his Tehqiqat-e-Chishtia. Dulla Bhatti never approved of Mughals and remained active against them. Mughal King Akbar got hold of him and ordered to death. Dulla Bhatti was to be hanged publicly near Nela Gumbad or some place around landa bazaar in Lahore. Lahore Kotwal (Police Chief) Ali Malik was supervising the execution where Lahorites had flocked in large number. Shah Hussein had affiliations with Dullah Bhatti and agued with the Police Chief. Ali Malik threatened Shah Hussein saying, “I will get you nailed before evening.”

Shah Hussein responded, “You will be nailed before causing any trouble to me.”

Ali Malik had to report to Akbar and tell him last words of Dulla Bhatti after it was over. “Dulla Bhatti kept calling names and abusing you,” Ali Malik reported to Akbar who was infuriated with Ali Malik on repeating every thing exactly. Akbar ordered Ali Malik to be nailed.

Order of the King was implemented the same evening.

Shah Hussain approved Dulla’s revolt against Akbar as,
Kahay Hussain Faqeer Sain Da
Takht Na Milday Mungay.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Sheikh, Asad Saleem (2008). Dulle Di Bar: Dulla and His Homeland.
  2. ^ Ramay, Hanif (1985). Punjab Ka Muqadma.
  3. ^ Ayres, Alyssa (2009). Speaking Like a State-Language and Nationalism in Pakistan.

http://dawn.com/2013/02/25/sundar-mundariyay/

 

Rawal Jaisal Singh

Main article: Rawal Jaisal

Rawal Jaisal Singh was the Bhatti Rajput who founded “The Golden City” of Jaisalmer in 1156 AD. The new fort that he built was on a hill called Trikuta.

Jaisalmer

The state of Jaisalmer was positioned right on the route from Afghanistan to Delhi. Taking advantage of this strategic position, the Bhattis levied taxes on the passing caravans

Bhatti Rajputs were proficient horse riders,marksman and warriors. Their reign spread to the Punjab,Sindh and beyond, to Afghanistan. The City of Ghazni was named after a brave Bhatti warrior Raja Gaj.. In Lahore, a monument exists to this day, which is called the Bhati Gate, named so probably because it opens in the direction of the “Sandal Bar“, an area ruled by Rai Sandal Khan Bhatti Rajput.

Main article: Jaisalmer

The majority of the inhabitants of Jaisalmer are Bhatti, who take their name from an ancestor named Bhatti, renowned as a warrior when the tribe were located in the Punjab area[citation needed]. Shortly after this the clan was driven southwards, and found a refuge in the Indian desert, which was henceforth its home. Prince Deoraj, a famous prince of the Bhatti family, is esteemed the real founder of the Jaisalmer dynasty, and with him the title of Rawal commenced.

In 1156 A.D. Rawal Jaisal, the sixth in succession from Deoraj, founded the fort and city of Jaisalmer, and made it his capital as he moved from his former capital at Lodhruva (which is situated about 15 km to the south-east of Jaisalmer).

In 1293, the Bhattis so enraged the emperor Ala-ud-din Khilji that his army captured and sacked the fort and city of Jaisalmer, so that for sometime it was quite deserted. Some Bhatti’s migrated to Talwandi, now Nankana Sahib in Distt. Nankana Sahib and others settled in Larkana (in Sind, Pakistan) under the name of Bhutto. In Nankana Sahib, the Bhatti Clan can be traced from the lineage of Rai Bhoe and Rai Bular Bhatti. After this there is nothing to record until the time of Rawal Sahal Singh, whose reign marks an epoch in Bhatti history in that he finally gave in and acknowledged the supremacy of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The Jaisalmer princes had now arrived at the height of their power, but from this time till the accession of Rawal Mulraj in 1762 the fortunes of the state rapidly declined, and most of its outlying provinces were lost. In 1818 Mulraj entered into political relations with the British. Maharawal Salivahan, born in 1887, succeeded to the chieftainship in 1891.

The Maharajas of Jaisalmer trace their lineage back to Krishna through Jaitsimha, a ruler of the Bhatti Rajput clan. The major opponents of the Bhatti Rajputs were the powerful Rathor clans of Jodhpur and Bikaner. They used to fight battles for the possession of forts, waterholes or cattle. Jaisalmer was positioned strategically and was a halting point along a traditional trade route traversed by the camel caravans of Indian and Asian merchants. The route linked India to Central Asia , Egypt, Arabia, Persia, Africa and the West.

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One Response to Noble Bhatti Rajputs

  1. #azam ali says:

    I am BHATTI RAJPUT from jhang

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