Muslim Rajput Clans
The following are descriptions of the major Muslim Rajput clans, organized by province, starting with the Punjab.
- Dhamial Rajputs
The Hattar are a branch of the Bhatti Rajputs. They live mainly in Chakwal, Jhelum, Sargodha and Attock districts. The Pothohar branch use the title Raja, while those of Sargodha and Mandi Bahauddin use Malik.
Janjua The Janjua are one of the most important of the Potohar Rajput clans. They live in Jhelum,Chakwal, Khushab and Rawalpindi Districts. They generally use the title Raja, but certain families have the additional title of Malik.
Jarral The Jarrals live in Wazirabad Tehsil of Gujranwala District. They ruled the Princely State of Rajaur for over 650 years, which at one time included Munawar near Marala-Poonch-Bhimber-Khairkhyali as well as Reasi, one of the largest Punjab Hill States. The Jarrals are not a Dogra clan but have fought and bested Dogras and for many centuries. Some use the title Raja, while others uniquely among Rajputs use the title Mirza given by Mughal Emperor Akbar. Princess Nawab Bai Begum Sahiba, a Jarral Rajput princess (Rajauri) was wife of Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir and mother of Emperor Moazzam Shah Alam I.
Jatu The Jatu are a Tonwar clan, living mainly in what is now Haryana state. They now form part of the Ranghar community settled in Okara, Kasur and Multan districts. They use the title Rao.
Johiya The Johiya are one of the 36 original clans of Rajputs, belonging to the Chandravanshi division. Historically they were found as far east as Sirsa, in what is now Haryana, and as far west as Mianwali. The Firozpur, Fazilka and Sirsa Johiya use Rana as a title, while the Johiya of southern Punjab and those of Sargodha and Mianwali use Malik as a title.
Kanyal The Kanyal are a clan of Minhas Rajputs. They live mainly in Jhelum District and Gujar Khan Tehsil. Like some other Potohar clans, they have both Rajput and Jat sections. The Rajput section uses Raja as a title, while the Jats use the traditional Jat title of Chaudhary.
Kharal The Kharal part of the Agnivanshi clan of Rajputs. They live mainly in Okara, Vehari, Khanewal,Faisalabad and Sahiwal districts. Prior to independence, there were several Kharal villages inJalandhar and Firozpur districts of Indian Punjab. They use the title Rai.
Khokhar The Khokar are one of the largest Rajput tribes in Punjab. Historically the Khokhar were found in Lahore, Gujranwala, Kasur, Sialkot and Gujrat districts of central Punjab and Hoshiarpur,Gurdaspur, Amritsar and Jallandhar districts of East Punjab. Most of the East Punjab Khokhars emigrated to Pakistan after the partition of British India. The Khokhars of central and eastern Punjab use Rana as a title. Smaller numbers of Khokhars can also be found in Sargodha, Multan, Mianwali,Jhang and Sahiwal districts, and these Khokhars use Malik as a title. Finally, the Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil of Jhelum District is home to a prominent family, who use the title Raja.
Langrial The Langrial according to some traditions are of Brahmin ancestry, according to others they are a Bhatti clan. Those of Rawalpindi District consider themselves to be Rajputs, while those in other districts do not.
The Mahaar are a Chandravanshi Rajput clan. They live all along the valley of the Sutlej river in Okara,Sahiwal, and Lodhran districts. They also lived in Sirsa, and this branch of was known as the Sanwrepotre. Like other Haryana Muslim Rajputs, they migrated to Pakistan after independence. The Mahaar are distinct from the Mahar, another Rajput tribe of Chandravanshi ancestry, who are found mainly in Sindh and southern Punjab.
Manj The Manj are a Chandravanshi clan. Historically, they were found in Jalandhar, Ludhiana,Amritsar and Hoshiarpur districts. There were and still are a few villages in Lahore District. Like other Muslim Rajputs of East Punjab, they migrated to Pakistan after independence. They now live inSheikhupura, Faisalabad, Okara, Sahiwal and Toba Tek Singh districts. They use the titles of Rai, Rana, Raja and Chaudary. They are said to be Bhatti Rajputs.
Meo The Meo are a clan of Jadubansi Rajputs, claiming descent from Krishna. They were and many are still found in the Mewat region of India. The districts of Gurgaon, Alwar and Bharatpur formed the Mewat region. After independence, many Meos became refugees. In Punjab, they are found inNarowal, Lahore, Kasur and Okara districts. They use the title Chawdhary.
Nagyal The Nagyal are a Minhas clan. They live mainly in Rawalpindi and Jhelum Districts. Like other Potohar clans, they have both a Rajput and a Jat section. The Rajput section uses Raja as a title, while the Jats use the traditional Jat title of Chaudhary.
Naru The Naru are a Suryavanshi Rajput clan. Historically they lived in Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar,Ludhiana and Ambala districts. Like other Muslim Rajputs, they emigrated to Pakistan after independence. They now live in Sargodha, Faisalabad, Sahiwal, Okara and Sheikhupura districts. They use Rana as a title.
Noon The Noon are a clan of the Bhatti Rajputs. They live in Sargodha, Multan and Bhakkar. The Sargodha Noon use Malik as a title and have historically been connected with the Tiwana tribe. The Multan and Bhakkar Noon use Rana as a title.
Pakhral Pakhral is a sub-tribe of Minhas Rajputs. They live for the most part in Rawalpindi District. Shohawa (known in the area as Krakan Shohawa) is one of the well-known villages of Pakhral Raputs. Some also live in Azad Kashmir. They migrated from Kashmir to these areas. Raja Muhammad Akabr, a Pakhral, won two Medals of War in the 1965 and 1971 Indo-Pak wars.
Panhwar The Panwhar or Parmara or sometimes Puar are one of the four Agnivanshi clans of the Rajputs. In Punjab, they lived in four clusters. Those of central Punjab lived in Lahore, Amritsar andFirozpur districts and used the title Rana. As with other Muslim Rajputs, those of Amritsar and Firozpur emigrated to Pakistan.
Panwhar also lived among the Seraiki speaking community in Bahawalpur and Dera Ghazi Khan. They used Malik as title. In Haryana, the Panwhar or Puar were the second largest after the Chauhan, the principal tribe. They used Rao as a title. They have all emigrated to Pakistan since 1947 and now live in Okara, Kasur and Sahiwal districts.
In Jhelum there are a few villages of Panwhar who live in the Pabbi hill and use the title Raja.
Pathania The Pathania are Chandravanshi Rajputs. This clan is overwhelmingly Hindu, with only two villages of Muslim Pathania in Gurdaspur District. Like other Muslim Rajput clans, after partition they emigrated and settled in Pakistan. They use the title Mian.
Ranghar The term Ranghar is used to collectively describe the Muslim Rajputs in what is now Haryanastate in India. They mainly belong to the Bargujar, Bhatti, Johiya, Mandahar, Panhwar, Pundir andTonwar clans. Almost all these clans used Rao as a title. The Ranghar are now found in Okara, Kasur,Bhakkar, Mandi Bahauddin and Multan districts.
Sulehria The Sulehria (also Salaria or Sulehri) are a Chandravanshi clan of Rajputs. In Punjab, they live mainly in Sialkot and Gurdaspur Districts. The Muslim Sulehrias of Gurdaspur migrated to Pakistan after independence and settled in various villages of Narowal, Sialkot, Sheikhupura, Lahore and Faisalabad Districtst. They use the titles Rana and Chaudhary in Jhelum. In Azad Kashmir they use the title Raja.
Saharan (gotra) Saharan means “King of the world”. The Saharan are an ancient clan of Kshatriya Rajput. They live in Syedwala, Chiniot, Saharanwala and Saharanwali. They use the titles Shah, Rana, Chaudhary and Malik, especially in Chiniot. The Saharan are an extreme warrior clan of Rajputs. Some adopted the profession of agriculture and are called Jats. They are also Rajputs because they clam lineage from the Yaduvanshi king Maharaja Gaj of Ghazni. Some Saharans in India and Pakistan still claim to be descended from Kshatriya Rajputs with lineage tying them to Lord Rama. These are called Suryavanshi Saharan, and include Saharans of Syedwala. Some Saharan come from Bhatti Rajput and others connect their lineage to Saharan, who was the brother of Sindu (Saharan and Sindu were rulers of Gujrat, India). Still others descend from Raja Saharan of Thanesar, who embraced Islam, and this Raja also belonged to Gujrat. Some Saharans also come from Nagavanshi Rajput lineage.
Sial The Sial are a clan of Parmara Rajputs. They live in Jhang, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Sargodha,Mianwali, Sahiwal, Khanewal, Vehari, Rawalpindi and Jhelum districts. The Sial of Jhang use Mehr as a title, while those of Jhelum and Rawalpindi use Raja.
The Sunpal are a sub-clan of Sial Rajputs. They live mainly in Jhang, Khanewal and Sahiwal, as well as some in Rahim Yar Khan.
Thathal (थठाल) (also referred as Thothal/Thathial) is a Rajput/Jat clan occupying the area between Salt Range and Kharian Pubbi and Kashmir. Thathals are also found in Hoshiarpur India. Thathals claim kinship with Suryavanshi Rajput Raja Karan Singh through his son Raja Thathoo. Like many in the Potohar region, Thathals claim both Rajput and Jat origins.
Tiwana The Tiwana are a clan of the Parmara Rajputs. There are two branches of the tribe – those ofKhushab and those of Samana in Patiala District. Those of Samana are now settled in Pakistan as well. The Khushab Tiwana use Malik as a title, while those originally from Samana use Chawdhary.
Tonwar The Tonwar (also Tomar or Toor) are a Chandravanshi Rajput clan. The Tonwar were found inHissar and Rohtak districts of Haryana. After independence, they settled among other Rangharcommunities in Okara and Sahiwal. They use the title Rao. In addition to the Tonwar Rajputs, the Punjab is also home to the Toor Jats, who claim Tonwar ancestry, as do the Jarral Rajputs (also of Tonwar ancestry).
Varya Rajputs The Varya (or Baryah or Warah) are a clan of Suryavanshi Rajputs. They historically lived in Ambala, Jalandhar and Patiala State. Like other Muslim Rajputs of the region, they emigrated to Pakistan after independence.
Wattu (Wattoo) The Wattu or Wattoo are a clan of the Chandravanshi Rajputs. Historically, they were found in Fazilka, Sira, Zira, Bahawalnagar, Kasur, Okara and Sahiwal. The Fazilka, Sirsa and Zira Wattu emigrated to Pakistan after the partition of India. They use the title Mian. khattar rajput
The province of Sindh in Pakistan is to home to a large number of Rajput clans. Most Sindhi Rajputsbelong to sub-divisions of the Samma or Bhati. Almost all the other tribes are clans of these twoRajput tribes, and are almost entirely Chandravanshi.
A brief description of the major Sindhi Muslim Rajput clans follows.
Jokhio The Jokhio are one of oldest clans of Sindh Rajputs, a clan of the Samma Rajputs, and as such they are Chandravanshi. They are found in Malir District in a cluster of villages such as Jam Goth and Gadap Town. They also live in Thatta city, Nawabshah city and Daulatpur city.
Khanzada The Khanzada are a clan of the Jadaun or Jadubansi (Yaduvansh) Rajputs, claiming direct descent from Krishna. They originally settled in northern Rajasthan and Haryana, migrating to Pakistan after the independence. They now live in Karachi, Mirpurkhas, Sanghar, Matiari, Hyderabadand Nawabshah districts.
Meo Pahur Panhwar The Panhwar (Panwar, Paramara) are an Agnivanshi Rajput clan. The Panhwars constitute about 40% of the population of Dadu District, as well being found in Tharparkar, Umarkot,Badin and Hyderabad districts.
Qaimkhani Ranghar The Muslim Rajputs of the old Delhi Division of East Punjab, what is now Haryana State in India, were commonly known as Ranghars. They speak Haryanvi dialect, which is often called Ranghari. They live in the Mirpurkhas and Nawabshah districts of Sindh.
Samma The Samma are the largest Rajput tribe in Sindh, and are branch of the Yaduvanshi race. They are found throughout Sindh, and ruled the country from 1350 to 1500. The Hindu Jadeja andChudasama branch were rulers of Kutch and a number of states in Kathiawar belonged to this clan.
Soomro The Soomro are another important tribe, and are said by some to be a branch of the ParmaraRajputs. They ruled Sindh from 750 AD – 1350 AD. They live throughout Sindh, with special concentrations in Shikarpurand and Dadu District.
They are sub-divided into various tribes, such as the Bhatti, Sodha, Tonwar and Rathore, and further divided into firkas or sub-clans. Their main firkas are the Samma, Saand, Gajju, Bhayyo, Panno, Sithar, and Mahar. The Sammaclan is named for its founder and traces its pedigree to Bhati Rajputs. The Saand and Gajju were originally Sodha; Bhayo and Panno are said to be descended from Tonwar; and Sithar are Rathore.
Dhatis and Khudalis are the two chief sub-divisions of the Sindhi-Sipahi. The Dhati are found mainly in Jaisalmer, while the Khudali are found in Barmer and Jodhpur.The Khudali are camel nomads, and dwell in temporary thatched huts. The Dhatis are settled farmers. Vighio . Sama Family Of sindhi
The Muslim Rajputs in Rajasthan belong mainly to five communities, the Qaimkhanis of Jaipur, theDeshwali and Cheetah-Merat of Ajmer, Sindhi-Sipahi of Barmer and Jaisalmer, the Rath (including theJohiya) of Bikaner and the Meo of Mewat. Some families of the Khanzada community of Bharatpurand Alwar have mostly emigrated to Pakistan. However, Khanzadahs still populate the regions in Uttar Pradesh. These are the main clans of Rajputs:
The Muslim Rajput in Gujarat belong to a number of communities. In Kutch and Kathiawar, the Rajputs are members of the Samma tribe and its sub-divisions, such as the Halaypotra, Hingorja,Hingora, Juneja, Mutwa, Theba and Raheema. In Gujarat proper, the Rajput communities include theBhati, Molesalam Rajput, Sipahi, Soomra, Malik, Makwana, Rathore, Khokhar, Nayak Parmars andSolankis.
The Makwanas are a Rajput tribe living in central Gujarat
The Molesalam are one of the larger Rajput communities. They live mainly in Bharuch and Rewa Kantha. The community includes a number of Rajput tribes, such as the Jethwa and Jhala, who converted to Islam during the rule of Sultan Mahmud Begada.
These Rathore are Muslim converts from the Rathore tribe. They live in west and north Gujarat.
Jammu and Kashmir
- Dhamial Rajputs
- Domaal Rajputs
- Thakial Rajputs
- ^ Muslim Tribes in Sindh, Balochistan and Afghanistan by Shaikh Sadiq Ali Ansari
- ^ The Castes of Marwar by Munshi Hardyal Singh, page 43
- ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXII Part Two edited by R.B.Lal, S.V Padmanabham, & A Mohideen page XXV Popular Prakashan Publications
- ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX pages 58 Government Central Press, Bombay
- ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX page 81 Government Central Press, Bombay
- ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX pages 63 to 64 Government Central Press, Bombay
- ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX page 65 Government Central Press, Bombay
- ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX pages 65 Government Central Press, Bombay
- ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX page 68 Government Central Press, Bombay
- ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX pages 68 to 69 Government Central Press, Bombay
- ^ a b Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX page 69 Government Central Press, Bombay
- ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX pages 83 Government Central Press, Bombay
- ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX page 70 Government Central Press, Bombay