Muslim Rajput Clans

This article briefly describes the major Muslim Rajput clans by location. The information is obtained from various district gazetteers written during the period of British rule over India.

Contents

 

  • 1 Pakistan
    • 1.1 Punjab
    • 1.2 Sindh
  • 2 North India3 Jammu and Kashmir
    • 2.1 Haryana
    • 2.2 Rajasthan
    • 2.3 Gujarat
  • 4 References

Pakistan

The following are descriptions of the major Muslim Rajput clans, organized by province, starting with the Punjab.

Punjab

The Hon. Major General Nawab Malik Umar Hayat Khan as an Honorary Lieutenant of the 18th King George’s Own Lancers, early 20th century (watercolour by Major A.C. Lovett (1862-1919)

Main article: Punjabi Rajput

Hattar

The Hattar are a branch of the Bhatti Rajputs. They live mainly in ChakwalJhelumSargodha and Attock districts. The Pothohar branch use the title Raja, while those of Sargodha and Mandi Bahauddin use Malik.

Hon The Hon or Hoon are a branch of the Parmara Rajputs. They live mainly in the Kahuta Tehsil ofRawalpindi District. Like other Potohar Rajputs, they use the title Raja.

Jalap The Jalap are a clan of Khokhar Rajputs, living in Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil of Jhelum District. They use the title Raja.

Jamra

The Jamra are a clan of the Samma, found mainly in Rajanpur District. They use the title Malik.

Matyana The Matyana’s are sub-clan of Panwar Rajputs. They mainly live in bahawalnagar distrct. They use the title Mian.

Janjua The Janjua are one of the most important of the Potohar Rajput clans. They live in Jhelum,ChakwalKhushab and Rawalpindi Districts. They generally use the title Raja, but certain families have the additional title of Malik.

Jarral The Jarrals live in Wazirabad Tehsil of Gujranwala District. They ruled the Princely State of Rajaur for over 650 years, which at one time included Munawar near Marala-Poonch-Bhimber-Khairkhyali as well as Reasi, one of the largest Punjab Hill States. The Jarrals are not a Dogra clan but have fought and bested Dogras and for many centuries. Some use the title Raja, while others uniquely among Rajputs use the title Mirza given by Mughal Emperor Akbar. Princess Nawab Bai Begum Sahiba, a Jarral Rajput princess (Rajauri) was wife of Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir and mother of Emperor Moazzam Shah Alam I.

Jasgam The Jasgam are a Rajput clan found in Gujar KhanKotli Sattian and Kallar Syedan tehsils ofRawalpindi District. They use the title Raja.

Jaswal The Jaswal are a Katoch clan, who are overwhelmingly Hindu. The Muslim section lived in Hoshiarpur District, then emigrated to Pakistan after partition. They use the title Mian.

Jatal The Jatal are a Bhatti Rajput clan, living in the Kahuta Tehsil of Rawalpindi District. Like otherPotohar Rajputs, they use the title Raja.

Jatu The Jatu are a Tonwar clan, living mainly in what is now Haryana state. They now form part of the Ranghar community settled in Okara, Kasur and Multan districts. They use the title Rao.

Jodhra The Jodhra are the pre-eminent Rajput clan of Attock District, and include the Maliks ofPindigheb. They use the title Malik.

Johiya The Johiya are one of the 36 original clans of Rajputs, belonging to the Chandravanshi division. Historically they were found as far east as Sirsa, in what is now Haryana, and as far west as Mianwali. The FirozpurFazilka and Sirsa Johiya use Rana as a title, while the Johiya of southern Punjab and those of Sargodha and Mianwali use Malik as a title.

Kanyal The Kanyal are a clan of Minhas Rajputs. They live mainly in Jhelum District and Gujar Khan Tehsil. Like some other Potohar clans, they have both Rajput and Jat sections. The Rajput section uses Raja as a title, while the Jats use the traditional Jat title of Chaudhary.

Kathia The Kathia are a clan of the Parmara Rajputs. They live mainly in SahiwalKhanewalVehariand Jhang Districts. The use Mehr as a title.

Kharal The Kharal part of the Agnivanshi clan of Rajputs. They live mainly in OkaraVehariKhanewal,Faisalabad and Sahiwal districts. Prior to independence, there were several Kharal villages inJalandhar and Firozpur districts of Indian Punjab. They use the title Rai.

Khichi The Khichi are a clan of Chauhan Rajputs. They live mainly in VehariSahiwalKhanewal,Jhang and Sargodha districts. They use Malik as a title.

Khokhar The Khokar are one of the largest Rajput tribes in Punjab. Historically the Khokhar were found in LahoreGujranwalaKasurSialkot and Gujrat districts of central Punjab and Hoshiarpur,GurdaspurAmritsar and Jallandhar districts of East Punjab. Most of the East Punjab Khokhars emigrated to Pakistan after the partition of British India. The Khokhars of central and eastern Punjab use Rana as a title. Smaller numbers of Khokhars can also be found in SargodhaMultanMianwali,Jhang and Sahiwal districts, and these Khokhars use Malik as a title. Finally, the Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil of Jhelum District is home to a prominent family, who use the title Raja.

Langrial The Langrial according to some traditions are of Brahmin ancestry, according to others they are a Bhatti clan. Those of Rawalpindi District consider themselves to be Rajputs, while those in other districts do not.

Lodhra The Lodhra are a clan of the Minhas Rajputs. They live entirely in Lodhran District, and the town of Lodhran is named after the tribe.

Mahaar

The Mahaar are a Chandravanshi Rajput clan. They live all along the valley of the Sutlej river in Okara,Sahiwal, and Lodhran districts. They also lived in Sirsa, and this branch of was known as the Sanwrepotre. Like other Haryana Muslim Rajputs, they migrated to Pakistan after independence. The Mahaar are distinct from the Mahar, another Rajput tribe of Chandravanshi ancestry, who are found mainly in Sindh and southern Punjab.

Mangral The Mangral are a Rajput clan originating from the Jangladesh region of Rajastan and were the historical founders and rulers of the Panjub Hills States of Kotli and Poonch.

In Punjab they live in Gujrat and Rawalpindi districts. They use the title Raja.

Manj The Manj are a Chandravanshi clan. Historically, they were found in JalandharLudhiana,Amritsar and Hoshiarpur districts. There were and still are a few villages in Lahore District. Like other Muslim Rajputs of East Punjab, they migrated to Pakistan after independence. They now live inSheikhupuraFaisalabadOkaraSahiwal and Toba Tek Singh districts. They use the titles of Rai, Rana, Raja and Chaudary. They are said to be Bhatti Rajputs.

Marral The Marral are a clan of Chauhan Rajputs. They live in Jhang and Bahawalpur and use the title Malik.

Meo The Meo are a clan of Jadubansi Rajputs, claiming descent from Krishna. They were and many are still found in the Mewat region of India. The districts of GurgaonAlwar and Bharatpur formed the Mewat region. After independence, many Meos became refugees. In Punjab, they are found inNarowalLahoreKasur and Okara districts. They use the title Chawdhary.

Nagyal The Nagyal are a Minhas clan. They live mainly in Rawalpindi and Jhelum Districts. Like other Potohar clans, they have both a Rajput and a Jat section. The Rajput section uses Raja as a title, while the Jats use the traditional Jat title of Chaudhary.

Narma The Narma are a Parmara Rajput clan. They live in GujratJhelum and Rawalpindi districts. Like other Potohar Rajputs, they use Raja as a title.

Naru The Naru are a Suryavanshi Rajput clan. Historically they lived in HoshiarpurJalandhar,Ludhiana and Ambala districts. Like other Muslim Rajputs, they emigrated to Pakistan after independence. They now live in SargodhaFaisalabadSahiwalOkara and Sheikhupura districts. They use Rana as a title.

Naul The Naul are a clan of the Bhatti Rajputs. They live in KasurSahiwalOkaraSheikhupura,Nankana Sahib and Jhang Districts. They use Mehr as a title.

Noon The Noon are a clan of the Bhatti Rajputs. They live in SargodhaMultan and Bhakkar. The Sargodha Noon use Malik as a title and have historically been connected with the Tiwana tribe. The Multan and Bhakkar Noon use Rana as a title.

Pahur HasanabadZahir PirKhan PurRahim Yar KhanBhawal PurMelsi and Rajanpur Districts. They use Khan, Jam or Malik as title.

Pakhral Pakhral is a sub-tribe of Minhas Rajputs. They live for the most part in Rawalpindi District. Shohawa (known in the area as Krakan Shohawa) is one of the well-known villages of Pakhral Raputs. Some also live in Azad Kashmir. They migrated from Kashmir to these areas. Raja Muhammad Akabr, a Pakhral, won two Medals of War in the 1965 and 1971 Indo-Pak wars.

Panhwar The Panwhar or Parmara or sometimes Puar are one of the four Agnivanshi clans of the Rajputs. In Punjab, they lived in four clusters. Those of central Punjab lived in LahoreAmritsar andFirozpur districts and used the title Rana. As with other Muslim Rajputs, those of Amritsar and Firozpur emigrated to Pakistan.

Panwhar also lived among the Seraiki speaking community in Bahawalpur and Dera Ghazi Khan. They used Malik as title. In Haryana, the Panwhar or Puar were the second largest after the Chauhan, the principal tribe. They used Rao as a title. They have all emigrated to Pakistan since 1947 and now live in OkaraKasur and Sahiwal districts.

In Jhelum there are a few villages of Panwhar who live in the Pabbi hill and use the title Raja.

In addition to the Panwhar proper, a number of clans such as the Sial and Tiwana are of Panwhar descent.

Pathania The Pathania are Chandravanshi Rajputs. This clan is overwhelmingly Hindu, with only two villages of Muslim Pathania in Gurdaspur District. Like other Muslim Rajput clans, after partition they emigrated and settled in Pakistan. They use the title Mian.

Pundir The Pundir are a Suryavanshi clan. They lived in the Yamuna valley in Karnal and Ambaladistricts. Like other Haryana clans, they emigrated to Pakistan. They use the title Rao.

Ranghar The term Ranghar is used to collectively describe the Muslim Rajputs in what is now Haryanastate in India. They mainly belong to the BargujarBhattiJohiya, Mandahar, PanhwarPundir andTonwar clans. Almost all these clans used Rao as a title. The Ranghar are now found in OkaraKasur,BhakkarMandi Bahauddin and Multan districts.

Ranial Rajputs The Ranial or Arnial are a branch of the Janjua Rajputs. They live in Rawalpindi Districtof Punjab and the Islamabad Capital Territory. They use Raja as a title.

Ratial The Ratial is a clan of the Katoch Rajputs. They occupy a few villages in the Kahuta Tehsil ofRawalpindi District. Like other Potohar clans, the use Raja as a title.

Sarral The Sarral are a small clan of unknown origin. They occupy several villages in the Islamabad Capital Territory. Like other Potohar clans, the use Raja as a title.

Sangra The Sangra are a clan of the Bhatti Rajputs. They are found mainly in Jhang and Multandistricts. They use the title Rai.

Sohlan The Sohlan are a clan of the Parmara Rajputs. They live in a few villages in Jhelum Tehsil, on the river bank and in Gujar Khan. They use the title Raja.

Sulehria The Sulehria (also Salaria or Sulehri) are a Chandravanshi clan of Rajputs. In Punjab, they live mainly in Sialkot and Gurdaspur Districts. The Muslim Sulehrias of Gurdaspur migrated to Pakistan after independence and settled in various villages of Narowal, Sialkot, Sheikhupura, Lahore and Faisalabad Districtst. They use the titles Rana and Chaudhary in Jhelum. In Azad Kashmir they use the title Raja.

Saharan (gotra) Saharan means “King of the world”. The Saharan are an ancient clan of Kshatriya Rajput. They live in Syedwala, Chiniot, Saharanwala and Saharanwali. They use the titles Shah, Rana, Chaudhary and Malik, especially in Chiniot. The Saharan are an extreme warrior clan of Rajputs. Some adopted the profession of agriculture and are called Jats. They are also Rajputs because they clam lineage from the Yaduvanshi king Maharaja Gaj of Ghazni. Some Saharans in India and Pakistan still claim to be descended from Kshatriya Rajputs with lineage tying them to Lord Rama. These are called Suryavanshi Saharan, and include Saharans of Syedwala. Some Saharan come from Bhatti Rajput and others connect their lineage to Saharan, who was the brother of Sindu (Saharan and Sindu were rulers of Gujrat, India). Still others descend from Raja Saharan of Thanesar, who embraced Islam, and this Raja also belonged to Gujrat. Some Saharans also come from Nagavanshi Rajput lineage.

Sial The Sial are a clan of Parmara Rajputs. They live in JhangMultanMuzaffargarhSargodha,MianwaliSahiwalKhanewalVehariRawalpindi and Jhelum districts. The Sial of Jhang use Mehr as a title, while those of Jhelum and Rawalpindi use Raja.

Sunpal-Sial-Rajput

The Sunpal are a sub-clan of Sial Rajputs. They live mainly in Jhang, Khanewal and Sahiwal, as well as some in Rahim Yar Khan.

Thathal

Thathal (थठाल) (also referred as Thothal/Thathial) is a Rajput/Jat clan occupying the area between Salt Range and Kharian Pubbi and Kashmir. Thathals are also found in Hoshiarpur India. Thathals claim kinship with Suryavanshi Rajput Raja Karan Singh through his son Raja Thathoo. Like many in the Potohar region, Thathals claim both Rajput and Jat origins.

Tiwana The Tiwana are a clan of the Parmara Rajputs. There are two branches of the tribe – those ofKhushab and those of Samana in Patiala District. Those of Samana are now settled in Pakistan as well. The Khushab Tiwana use Malik as a title, while those originally from Samana use Chawdhary.

Tonwar The Tonwar (also Tomar or Toor) are a Chandravanshi Rajput clan. The Tonwar were found inHissar and Rohtak districts of Haryana. After independence, they settled among other Rangharcommunities in Okara and Sahiwal. They use the title Rao. In addition to the Tonwar Rajputs, the Punjab is also home to the Toor Jats, who claim Tonwar ancestry, as do the Jarral Rajputs (also of Tonwar ancestry).

Varya Rajputs The Varya (or Baryah or Warah) are a clan of Suryavanshi Rajputs. They historically lived in AmbalaJalandhar and Patiala State. Like other Muslim Rajputs of the region, they emigrated to Pakistan after independence.

Wattu (Wattoo) The Wattu or Wattoo are a clan of the Chandravanshi Rajputs. Historically, they were found in FazilkaSiraZiraBahawalnagarKasurOkara and Sahiwal. The Fazilka, Sirsa and Zira Wattu emigrated to Pakistan after the partition of India. They use the title Mian. khattar rajput

Sindh

Main article: Sindhi Rajput

The province of Sindh in Pakistan is to home to a large number of Rajput clans. Most Sindhi Rajputsbelong to sub-divisions of the Samma or Bhati. Almost all the other tribes are clans of these twoRajput tribes, and are almost entirely Chandravanshi.[1]

A brief description of the major Sindhi Muslim Rajput clans follows.

Abro The Abro are a branch of the Samma Rajputs, and are Chandravanshi. The live in Shikarpur,Jacobabad and Larkana districts and Balochistan.

Bargujar The Bargujar are a Suryavanshi Rajput clan. In Sindh, there are a few families of Muslim Lalkhani among the Urdu speaking Mohajirs in Karachi.

Bhatti The Bhatti (sometimes pronounced Bhati) are directly linked with those of Rajasthan. They are found throughout Sindh, but are highly concentrated in Tharparkar.

Jokhio The Jokhio are one of oldest clans of Sindh Rajputs, a clan of the Samma Rajputs, and as such they are Chandravanshi. They are found in Malir District in a cluster of villages such as Jam Goth and Gadap Town. They also live in Thatta city, Nawabshah city and Daulatpur city.

Joyo The Joyo or Johiya are part of a group of tribes known as the Sarai, who migrated from Punjab in the 18th century. They live in SukkurShikarpurLarkana and Nawabshah districts.

Junejo The Junejo are a clan of Samma Rajputs. They live in NawabshahSangharHyderabad,Larkana, Ubaro, BadinShikarpur, Sindhri, LarkanaDaduBadinMirpurkhas and Thatta Districts.

Khanzada The Khanzada are a clan of the Jadaun or Jadubansi (Yaduvansh) Rajputs, claiming direct descent from Krishna. They originally settled in northern Rajasthan and Haryana, migrating to Pakistan after the independence. They now live in KarachiMirpurkhasSangharMatiariHyderabadand Nawabshah districts.

Kharal The Kharal are a clan of the Sarais, who immigrated from Punjab in the 18th Century. They live mainly in the Sanghar District.

Khokhar The Khokhar are a major clan of the Sarais. They live mainly in Larkana District.

Mahar The Mahar are a clan of Bhatti Rajputs, and as such are a Chandravanshi clan. They live mainly in Ghotki, where their chief resides, and in Sukkur and Shikarpur District.

Mangrio The Mangrio are a clan of the Chandravanshi Rajputs. They live mainly in Sanghar andTharparkar districts.

Meo Pahur Panhwar The Panhwar (Panwar, Paramara) are an Agnivanshi Rajput clan. The Panhwars constitute about 40% of the population of Dadu District, as well being found in TharparkarUmarkot,Badin and Hyderabad districts.

Qaimkhani Ranghar The Muslim Rajputs of the old Delhi Division of East Punjab, what is now Haryana State in India, were commonly known as Ranghars. They speak Haryanvi dialect, which is often called Ranghari. They live in the Mirpurkhas and Nawabshah districts of Sindh.

Rathore The Rathore are a Suryavanshi Rajput clan. Most of the Rathore have remained Hindu, butUmarkot District is home to some Muslim Rathore.

Samma The Samma are the largest Rajput tribe in Sindh, and are branch of the Yaduvanshi race. They are found throughout Sindh, and ruled the country from 1350 to 1500. The Hindu Jadeja andChudasama branch were rulers of Kutch and a number of states in Kathiawar belonged to this clan.

Sial The Sial are another Sarai tribe, found mainly in SangharNawabshah and Khairpur districts.

Solangi The Solangi are a branch of the Solanki (Chalukya) Rajput tribe. The Solangi are among the oldest tribes of ancient Sindh, and live throughout Sindh.

Soomro The Soomro are another important tribe, and are said by some to be a branch of the ParmaraRajputs. They ruled Sindh from 750 AD – 1350 AD. They live throughout Sindh, with special concentrations in Shikarpurand and Dadu District.

Unar The Unar are a Samma Rajput clan. They are found in Larkana and Shikarpur districts.

The Sindh-Sipahi originally belonged to the family of Chandravanshi Rajputs.[12] They are said to have converted toIslam, at the time of the conquest of Sindh by the Arabs, around 8th Century A.D.

They are sub-divided into various tribes, such as the Bhatti, Sodha, Tonwar and Rathore, and further divided into firkas or sub-clans. Their main firkas are the Samma, Saand, Gajju, Bhayyo, Panno, Sithar, and Mahar. The Sammaclan is named for its founder and traces its pedigree to Bhati Rajputs.[12] The Saand and Gajju were originally Sodha; Bhayo and Panno are said to be descended from Tonwar; and Sithar are Rathore.

The Mahar claim to have always been Hindu. In addition to these communities, the Junejas and Mangria are also considered to be Sindh-Sipahi.

Dhatis and Khudalis are the two chief sub-divisions of the Sindhi-Sipahi. The Dhati are found mainly in Jaisalmer, while the Khudali are found in Barmer and Jodhpur.The Khudali are camel nomads, and dwell in temporary thatched huts. The Dhatis are settled farmers. Vighio . Sama Family Of sindhi

North India

North India is home a large number of Muslim Rajput groups, with Uttar Pradesh being home to the largest community.

Haryana

All the Haryana Rajput clans emigrated to Pakistan at the time of the partition of India.[citation needed]

Rajasthan

The Muslim Rajputs in Rajasthan belong mainly to five communities, the Qaimkhanis of Jaipur, theDeshwali and Cheetah-Merat of AjmerSindhi-Sipahi of Barmer and Jaisalmer, the Rath (including theJohiya) of Bikaner and the Meo of Mewat.[2] Some families of the Khanzada community of Bharatpurand Alwar have mostly emigrated to Pakistan. However, Khanzadahs still populate the regions in Uttar Pradesh. These are the main clans of Rajputs:

Gujarat

The Muslim Rajput in Gujarat belong to a number of communities. In Kutch and Kathiawar, the Rajputs are members of the Samma tribe and its sub-divisions, such as the HalaypotraHingorja,HingoraJunejaMutwaTheba and Raheema. In Gujarat proper, the Rajput communities include theBhatiMolesalam RajputSipahiSoomraMalik, Makwana, RathoreKhokharNayak Parmars andSolankis.

  • Behlim

The Behlim are a Muslim Rajput tribe found in North Gujarat and Bharuch. They claim descent from early Turkish immigrants who settled in Gujarat during the rule of the Vaghela dynasty.

The Gujarat Bhati emigrated from Jaisalmer in Rajasthan, and are said to have converted to Islam during the period of the Gujarat Sultanate.[5]

  • Kasbatis

The Kasbatis are found in North Gujarat and Bharuch, and claim to be converts from the Bhati andParmar Rajputs.

The Khokhars are found mainly in AhmedabadKathiawar and Pattan. They settled in Gujarat fromPunjab during the period of the Gujarat Sultanate.[7]

  • Makwanas

The Makwanas are a Rajput tribe living in central Gujarat[8]

  • Molesalam

The Molesalam are one of the larger Rajput communities. They live mainly in Bharuch and Rewa Kantha. The community includes a number of Rajput tribes, such as the Jethwa and Jhala, who converted to Islam during the rule of Sultan Mahmud Begada.[9]

The Parmars live mainly in North Gujarat. They are Muslim converts from the Parmar Rajput tribe.[10]

These Rathore are Muslim converts from the Rathore tribe. They live in west and north Gujarat.

The Samma are found mainly in Kathiawar and Kutch. They are the largest Muslim Rajput community in Gujarat. Their main sub-divisions are the Hingora, Hingorja, Juneja, Raheema, Nahria and Raysipotra.

  • Sipahi

The Sipahi are converts from the Chauhan, Gohil and Parmar tribes. They live mainly in Kathiawar.

These Solankis are converts from the Solanki tribe. They live mainly in north Gujarat.[13]

The Soomra are found in west GujaratKathiawar and Kutch. They were converted to Islam during the rule of Mahmud Begada. The Soomra of Gujarat are closely connected with those of Sindh.

Jammu and Kashmir

Raja Hafiz Ullah Khan and Right Honourable Gordon Brown, Prime Minister

References

  1. ^ Muslim Tribes in Sindh, Balochistan and Afghanistan by Shaikh Sadiq Ali Ansari
  2. ^ The Castes of Marwar by Munshi Hardyal Singh, page 43
  3. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXII Part Two edited by R.B.Lal, S.V Padmanabham, & A Mohideen page XXV Popular Prakashan Publications
  4. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX pages 58 Government Central Press, Bombay
  5. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX page 81 Government Central Press, Bombay
  6. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX pages 63 to 64 Government Central Press, Bombay
  7. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX page 65 Government Central Press, Bombay
  8. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX pages 65 Government Central Press, Bombay
  9. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX page 68 Government Central Press, Bombay
  10. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX pages 68 to 69 Government Central Press, Bombay
  11. a b Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX page 69 Government Central Press, Bombay
  12. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX pages 83 Government Central Press, Bombay
  13. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis, Volume IX page 70 Government Central Press, Bombay

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