Bhatti Rajputs Early History

भाटी Bhati/Bhatti  is a tribe with origins in India. They claim descent from Krishna as anavatar of Vishnu, and thus identify themselves as a Chandravanshi Kshatriyaclan. The Bhatti trace their history to the desert principality of Jaisalmer inRajasthan, in the border villages of Bikaner and some tehsils of Jodhpur (Osianand Shergarh), a region known as Bhatiana. In addition, the Bhatti are also found in Uttar Pradesh. They are divided into about forty gotras or clans.

This article is about the tribe. For the town, see Bhatti (town). For the medieval author, see Bhaṭṭikāvya. For the oven called a “bhatti”, see Tandoor.

Bhatti (Hindi: भाटी (Bhatti), (Bhatti Rajputs/ भटटी)) is a Chandravanshi Rajputclan and is one of the largest tribes among Rajputs or Gujjars. They  descent from the legendary king Yadu who founded the Yadava[2][3]dynasty,[4][5] the first Chandravanshi[2] (or Lunar Dynasty). Bhatti are aYaduvanshiRajput clan. They reside for the most part in Rajasthan, central Punjab, the Jaisalmer region, in border villages of Bikaner and some tehsils of Jodhpur (Osian and Shergarh), India. The Bhatti are also found inUttar Pradesh. They are divided into about forty gotras or clans of Rajputs or Gujjars. They are one of the royal races of Rajputs.


  • 1 Early history
  • 2 Bahubal
  • 3 Subahu
  • 4 Raja Gaj
  • 5 Raja Salivahan AD
  • 6 Baland
    • 6.1 Chakito tribe
    • 6.2 Raja Bhaati
  • 7 Rao Kehar8 Jaisalmer
    • 7.1 Tano fights Husain Shah Bhatti
    • 7.2 Rawal Jaisal Singh
  • 9 Geographical distribution10 Religion
    • 9.1 India
    • 9.2 Gujarat
    • 9.3 Punjab
    • 9.4 Rajasthan
    • 9.5 Uttar Pradesh
    • 9.6 South India
    • 9.7 Pakistan
  • 11 Bhatti tribes in the Indus River Valley12 Genealogy of Jaisalmer Kingdom
    • 11.1 Bhatti clans in Sindh
    • 11.2 Bhatti clans in Punjab
  • 13 Bhatti fiefdoms
  • 14 Jadon fiefdoms
  • 15 References
  • 16 External links

Early history

Asia in 1200 AD, showing the Yadava Dynasty and its neighbors

However, Muslim Bhattis distinguish and distance themselves from the claims of their genealogy made by the Hindu caste system. They firmly believe that they are descendants of Muslim Rajputs and Sufi preachers who converted toIslam. Most of the Muslim Bhattis are Sunni Muslim and strongly adhere to the teachings and values of Sufi saints. Muslim Bhattis and their vibrant tribes can be found throughout the regions of the Indus River Valley.According to Mahabharata and its contemporary purana’s, Lord Krishna had eight wives,Rukmini was the senior wife whose son Pradyumna was married to a Vidarbha Princess who bore his two sons, Aniruddha and Vajranabha. Vajranabha had two sons: Shankhanabha and Khira. Vajranabha was in Mathura when the Yadu fights happened in Dwarka and all were killed. Hearing this, Vajranabha died of grief and Shankanabha was elected king and returned to Mathura. His brother Khira went ahead to Dwarka. Shankanabha had issue Prithibahu and his brother Khira had issues Jareja (Jadeja) and Yudhhabhan. Historian R. V. Russell wrote that Yaduvanshi had claimed to be descended from the Yadavas, who now form the Yadu and Jadaun/Bhatti clans of Rajputs and the probability of a historic connection between the Ahirs and Yadavs had already been noticed.[13][verification needed]

       Lord Krishna+Devi Rukmini
      |                  |
     Aniruddh    Vajranabh
                    |                   |
                   Shankhanabha      Khira
                    |                   |
                    |            ---------------------
                    |            |                    |
                Ptitibahu     Jadeja               Yudhbhan


The other tribes who were often defeated by great Yadus now attacked Dwarka; Nabha had to flee Dwarka and became king of Marusthali. His son Prithibahu inherited the insignia of Lord Krishna and the chatri (Royal Umbrella) made byVishwakarma. His descendant was Bahubal, who married Kamlavati, the daughter of King Vijay Singh of Malwa. Bahubal was killed in a horse accident and his son was Subahu.


Subahu was married to daughter Chauhan king of Ajmer, Subahu fought many wars with Mallechha’s western warriors. His son was Rajh, who was married to Sobhag Sundari, daughter of Malwa prince Veer Singh. Rajh’s son was Gaj, who married the daughter of Yudhbhan, the prince of Purabdes.

Raja Gaj

Gaj faced an army of Farid Shah Mamrez of Khorasan with an army of four Lakh; the armies met at Kunjshahr. The invaders were defeated and lost 30,000 men; the Rajputs lost 4000. The Khorasan king attacked again and was defeated in a second battle but Raja Rajh was slain. The Khorasan king conspired with Romipati, king of Rum, and seeing the odds against his army, Raja Gaj decided to go north and established Gajini (in modern-day Afghanistan). When the two armies were about to meet, the king of Khorasan died of dysentry. When the news of Khorasan king Mamrez’s death was told to Romi Pati, king of Rum, although disappointed, he still decided to go ahead with the war. This was year 3008 Dharmraj Yudhisther Samvat and on the 3rd of Baishakh month of Rohini Nakshatra, the Hindus defeated the Malechha armies of Khorasan and Rum. Guj, seated on Gajni maintained the Jadon race. He then conquered all countries to the west and sent an ambassador to Kashmir. Gaj invaded Kashmir, whose princess he married, and had a son called Salivahan. When Salivahan was 12, another wave came from the west from Khorasan. Raja Guj sent Salivahan with some trusted members to Jvala Mukhi in Kangra (Himachal Pradesh). Raja Guj lost Gajni and was slain along with other clansmen.

Raja Salivahan AD

Gaj’s son was Raja Salivahan; he established Salivahanpur in Vikram Samvat 72 (129 AD). Salbahan conquered the whole region of the Panjab. He had fifteen sons, who all became Rajas, namely:

      |      |     |          |     |    |     |      |      |   |    |      |     |
   Baland Rasalu Dharmangad Vacha Rupa Sundar Lekh Jaskaran Nema Mat Nipak Gangau Jagau

all of whom, by the strength of their own arms, established themselves in independence.

The coconut (marriage proposal) from Raja Jaipal Tuar was sent from Delhi and accepted; Prince Baland proceeded to Delhi, whose prince advanced to meet him. On his return with his bride Salbahan was determined to redeem Gajni from the foe and avenge his father’s death. He crossed the Attock to encounter Jalal who advanced at the head of twenty thousand men. Crowned with victory, he regained possession of Gajni, where he left Baland and returned to his capital in the Panjab. Soon afterward he died, having ruled 33 years and nine months.


Raja Baland succeeded him. His brothers had now established themselves in all the mountainous tracts of the Panjab. But the Turks began rapidly to increase and to subjugate all beneath their sway and the lands around Gajni were again in their power. Baland had no minister but superintended in person all the details of his government. He had seven sons:

  |         |      |     |    |     |          |
 Bhatt  Bhupati Kalar Janj Sarmor Bhainsrekha Mangreo

Chakito tribe

The second son of Baland was Bhupati, and he had a son named Chakito, from whom is descended the Chakito Chagatai tribe.

Baland, who resided at Salbahanpur, left Gajni to the charge of his grandson Chakito, and as the power of the barbarian Mlechchha increased, he not only entertained troops of that race but all his nobles were of the same body. They offered him a deal that if he would quit the religion of his fathers (Hinduism) to make him master of Balkh Bokhara, where dwelt the Usbek race whose king had no offspring but one daughter. Chakito married her and became king of Balkh Bokhara. Between Balkh and Bokhara runs a mighty river and Chakito was king of all from the gate of Balakhshan to the face of Hindustan and from him is descended the tribe of Chakito Mongols.

Kalar, third son of Baland, had eight sons whose descendants are designated Kalar. Their names were Sheodas, Ramdas, Aso, Krishna, Sama, Ganga, Jassa, and Bhaga. Almost all of them became Musalmans. They are a numerous race inhabiting the mountainous countries west of the river.

Janj, the fourth son, had seven sons: Champa, Gokul, Mehraj, Hansa, Bhadon, Rasa, and Jaga. Their issue bore the name of Janj, and in like manner the other sons became the patriarchs of tribes.

Raja Bhaati

Bhatti/Bhatti succeeded his father Baland. He conquered fourteen princes and added their fortunes to his own. Among his effects he reckoned 24,000 mules laden with treasure, sixty thousand horses and innumerable foot. As soon as he mounted the gaddi he assembled all his forces at Lahore preparatory to the tika daur, destined against Birbhan Baghel lord of Kanakpur, Birbhan fell in the battle which ensued at the head of 40,000 men.

Bhatti had two sons: Mangal Rao and Masur Rao. With Bhaati the patronym was changed and the tribe thenceforth was called by his name: the Bhatis.

Mangal Rao succeeded Bhatti but his fortune was not equal to that of his fathers. Dhundi, king of Ghazni, invaded Lahore with a mighty force; Mangal Rao opposed him but with his eldest son fled into the wilds on the banks of the river. The foe then invested Salbahanpur, where the family of the Raja resided, but Masur Rao escaped and fled to the Lakhi Jungle. He overcame the cultivating peasantry of this area and became master of the country.

Masur Rao had two sons: Abhai Rao and Saran Rao. The elder Abhai Rao brought the whole Lakhi Jungle under his control and his issue which multiplied became famous as the Aboharia Bhattis. Saran quarrelled with and separated from his brother; his issue became cultivators and are known as the Saran Jats.

Mangal Rao the son of Bhatti and who abandoned his kingdom had six sons:

            Mangal Rao
           |      |   |        |       |     |     |   
          Majam Rao Kalarsi Mulraj Sheoraj Phul Kewala
      |      |          | 
      Kehar Mulrai and Gogli

When Mangal Rao fled from the king, his children were secreted in the houses of his subjects. Mangal Rao, who found shelter in the wilds of the Gara, crossed that stream and subjugated a new territory. At this period the tribe of Baraha, inhabited the banks of the river; beyond them were the Buta Rajputs of Butaban. In Pugal dwelt the Pramara, in Dhat the Sodha race and the Lodra Rajputs in Lodorva. Here Mangal Rao found security, and with the sanction of the Sodha prince he fixed his future abode in the centre of the lands of the Lodras, the Barahas, and the Sodhas.

After the death of Mangal Rao, he was succeeded by Majam Rao, who escaped from Salbahanpur with his father. He was recognized by all the neighbouring princes, who sent the usual presents on his accession. The Sodha prince ofAmarkot offered his daughter in marriage, which was accepted, and the nuptials were solemnized at Amarkot. He had three sons: Kehar Mulraj and Gogli.

Rao Kehar

Rao Kehar became renowned for his exploits. Hearing of a caravan kafila of five hundred horses going from Aror to Multan, he pursued them with a chosen band disguised as camel merchants and came up with his prey across the Panjnad, where he attacked and captured it and returned to his abode. By such exploits he became known, and the coconut (nariyal) was sent to Majam Rao for his two elder sons by Alansi Deora of Jalor. The nuptials were celebrated with great splendour, and on their return Kehar laid the foundation of a castle, which he named Tanot in honour of Goddess Tana or Tanuja maata. Before it was completed Rao Majam died, and Rao Tano succeeded him. Rao Kehar had five sons:

 |       |     |      |
Tano Utirao Chanar Kaphrio

All of them had offspring who became the heads of clans, retaining the patronym. All were soldiers of fortune and they conquered the lands of the Chana Rajputs, but the latter revenged themselves upon Kehar, whom they attacked and slew as he was hunting.

Tano fights Husain Shah Bhatti

Rao Tano succeeded; he laid waste the lands of the Barahas and those of theLangha of Multan. But Husain Shah advanced with the Langaha Pathans clothed in armour and iron helms with the men of Dhudhi, of Khichi, theKhokhar, the Mughal, the Johiya, the Jud, and the Sayyid, all mounted on horses to the number of 10,000 men to attack the Jadon Rao Tano. They reached the territory of the Barahas, who joined them and there they encamped. Rao Tano collected his brethren around him and prepared for defence. For four days they defended the castle, and on the fifth the Rao ordered the gates to be thrown open; with his son Bijairae, he sallied out and attacked the besiegers. The Barahas were the first to fly and they were soon followed by the rest of the Asurs. The victors carried the spoils of the field into Tanot. As soon as the armies of Multan and Langaha were driven off, the coconut came from Jiju chief of the Butas of Butaban, and an alliance offensive and defensive was formed against the prince of Multan.

Tano had five sons: Bijairae, Makar, Jaitang, Alan, and Rakecha. The second son, Makar, had issue Maipa, who had two sons, Mohola and Dakao. The latter excavated the lake known by his name. The third son, Jaitang, had two sons: Ratansi and Chohar. The first repaired the ruined city of Bikampur. Hohar had two sons, Kola and Girraj, who founded the towns of Kolasar and Girrajsar.

         Rao Tano
    |      |      |      |      |
Bijairae Makar Jaitang Alan Rakecha
     |         |   |      |      |
Dusaj Singh   Bapi Rao Ankho  Malpasao
  |            |
Jaisal     Bijayraj

Tano discovered a hidden treasure and erected a fortress, which he named Bijnot; here he placed a statue of the goddess Bijaiseni on the 13th of the month Margsir the Rohini Nakshatra S 813 (757 AD). He died after ruling for 80 years.

Bijairae succeeded him in S 870 (814 AD). He commenced his reign with the tika daur against his old enemies the Barahas, whom he defeated and plundered. In VS 892 he had a son by the Buta queen, who was called Deoraj. The Barahas and Langahas once more united to attack the Bhatti prince but they were defeated and put to flight. Finding that they could not succeed by open warfare, they had recourse to treachery and killed Bijairae when he had gone with his clansmen to marry the Bahara princess. Tanot was then invested and taken, and nearly every soul in it put to the sword, so that the very name of Bhatti was for a while extinct.

Deoraj was protected by his maternal relatives and was kept hidden for a while; he then built a castle in Derawar. Deoraj determined to wreak his revenge on the Barahas and he enjoyed it even to stripping the scarfs from the heads of their females. On his return to Derawar, he prepared for an attack on Langaha, whose heir was then on a marriage expedition at Alipur. There Deoraj attacked and slew a thousand of them and established himself with no opponents. He was treacherously killed while on hunting.

Raja Mund succeeded him, and the tika daur was against the assassins of his father who had congregated for defence, 800 of whom were put to death. Rawal Mund had one son who was called Bachera; when he was about fourteen years of age, the coconut came from Balabh Sen, the Solanki Raja of Patan. He forthwith proceeded to Patan (Gujarat).

Rawal Bachera or Wachuji Bachera succeeded on Saturday the 12th Sravan S 1035. The same rites of installation were performed the Kanphara – split eared Jogi was the first to put the regal lilak on his forehead and his hand upon his back. Rawal Bachera had five sons—Dusaj, Singh, Bapi Rao, Ankho, and Malpasao—all of whom had issue forming clans.

Rawal Dusaj – in the month of Asarh V.S. 1100, Hamir – the prince of the Sodhas made an incursion into his territories, which he plundered Dusaj having unavailingly remonstrated reminding him of ancient ties he marched into Dhat and gained a victory. Dusaj had two sons, Jaisal and Bijairaj, and in his old age a third son by a Ranawat princess of the house of Mewar called Lanja Bijairae who, when Dusaj died, was placed on the throne by the nobles and civil officers of the State. Lanja Bijairae’s son was Bhojdeo from a Solanki princess from Patan, and he ruled from Lodarva.

Rao Jaisul conspired against his nephew, who was always guarded by Solankis, and joined hands with King of Ghor and slew Bhojdeo, who was defending Lodarva.

Jaisal thus obtained the gaddi of Lodorva, but because it was open to invasion he sought a spot better adapted for defence. He found one only ten miles from Lodorva. On Raviwar (Sunday) the day of the sun, a favourite day for commencing any grand undertaking, with all these tribes the 12th of Sravan month (about July), the enlightened half of the moon S 1212 (1156 AD) the foundation of Jaisalmer was laid. Soon the inhabitants abandoned Lodorva and began to erect new habitations. Jaisal had two sons: Kelan and Salbahan.

Rawal Jaisal Singh

Main article: Rawal Jaisal

Rawal Jaisal Singh was the Bhatti Rajput who founded “The Golden City” ofJaisalmer in 1156 AD. The new fort that he built was on a hill called Trikuta.


The state of Jaisalmer was positioned right on the route from Afghanistan toDelhi. Taking advantage of this strategic position, the Bhatis levied taxes on the passing caravans

Bhatti Rajputs were proficient horse riders,marksman and warriors. Their reign spread to the Punjab,Sindh and beyond, to Afghanistan. The City of Ghazniwas named after a brave Bhatti warrior Raja Gaj.. In Lahore, a monument exists to this day, which is called the Bhatti Gate, named so probably because it opens in the direction of the “Sandal Bar“, an area ruled by Rai Sandal Khan Bhatti Rajput.

Main article: Jaisalmer

The majority of the inhabitants of Jaisalmer are Bhatti, who take their name from an ancestor named Bhatti, renowned as a warrior when the tribe were located in the Punjab area.Shortly after this the clan was driven southwards, and found a refuge in the Indian desert, which was henceforth its home. Prince Deoraj, a famous prince of the Bhatti family, is esteemed the real founder of the Jaisalmer dynasty, and with him the title of Rawal commenced.

In 1156 A.D. Rawal Jaisal, the sixth in succession from Deoraj, founded the fort and city of Jaisalmer, and made it his capital as he moved from his former capital at Lodhruva (which is situated about 15 km to the southeast of Jaisalmer).

In 1293, the Bhatis so enraged the emperor Ala-ud-din Khilji that his army captured and sacked the fort and city of Jaisalmer, so that for sometime it was quite deserted. Some Bhatti’s migrated to Talwandi, now Nankana Sahib in Distt. Nankana Sahib and others settled in Larkana (in Sind, Pakistan) under the name of Bhutto. In Nankana Sahib, the Bhatti Clan can be traced from the lineage of Rai Bhoe and Rai Bular Bhatti. After this there is nothing to record until the time of Rawal Sahal Singh, whose reign marks an epoch in Bhatti history in that he finally gave in and acknowledged the supremacy of theMughal emperor Shah Jahan. The Jaisalmer princes had now arrived at the height of their power, but from this time till the accession of Rawal Mulraj in 1762 the fortunes of the state rapidly declined, and most of its outlying provinces were lost. In 1818 Mulraj entered into political relations with the British. Maharawal Salivahan, born in 1887, succeeded to the chieftainship in 1891.

The Maharajas of Jaisalmer trace their lineage back to Krishna through Jaitsimha, a ruler of the Bhatti Rajput clan. The major opponents of the Bhatti Rajputs were the powerful Rathor clans of Jodhpur and Bikaner. They used to fight battles for the possession of forts, waterholes or cattle. Jaisalmer was positioned strategically and was a halting point along a traditional trade route traversed by the camel caravans of Indian and Asian merchants. The route linked India to Central Asia , Egypt, Arabia, Persia, Africa and the West.

Geographical distribution


In India, the Bhatti/Bhatti reside mainly in the states of Rajasthan and Punjab(where they have traditionally come to be known as Bhatti in Punjabi).


In Gujarat, Bhatis have several jagirs in the Sabarkantha and Banaskantha District (earstwhile Idar State), including Munai, Torda, Bhutiya, Gorad, Ranasan, Lauk, Muloj, Solsanda and Chandarni. Bhatti Rajputs in Gujarat are descendants of 12th-century immigrants from Jodhpur and Jaisalmer districts in Rajasthan. Most of them either assisted the rathores of Jodhpur to capture Idar or were their relatives.

Bhatti Rajputs are also found, though few in numbers in the Rann of Kachchh, where they migrated from Rajasthan in the 18th century. Bhatti Rajputs are also found in Jamnagar and nearby villages, formerly known as the “Halar State” ruled by the JAM dynasty. The Bhatti Rajputs of Jamnagar originate from Kuchchh or Rajasthan.


The Indus River

In Punjab, several villages are populated entirely by Bhatti.

The Patiala and East Punjab States Union has a large concentration of Bhatti.

Bhatti Rajputs are in the villages Sahlon, Ghurial (Jalandhar), Phuglana, Salah, Daroli, Machhli Kalan, Lalru, Jhawansa, Tardak, Joli, Samgoli Nagla, Jhhanjeri, Cholta, Badali, Rangian, Magra, Gunnoo Bhattian, and Khellan-mallan, Killianwali (Mukatsar, Punjab), Shergarh (Dabwali, Sirsa, Haryana). They migrated from Jaisalmer in the 12th century.


In Rajasthan, they are found in the JaisalmerBikanerJodhpurBarmer, and some tehsils of GurdaspurShergarh Udaipur (Mohi) and Nagaur (Gaaju, Ladnun).

 Uttar Pradesh

There are about 104 Bhatti Rajput villages in the districts of Gautam Budh Nagar and Bulandshar in Uttar Pradesh. Apart from these Rajput villages, there are also Gujjar Bhatti villages in the region. There are about 365 villages of Bhatti Gujjars in the district of NOIDABulandshaharJamalpurGhaziabad andMeerut.

In Uttar Pradesh there are several villages where Bhatis reside. These areKakrala in Budaun districtYahiyapur in Pratapgarh districtBhargain in Etah district, and Thiriya Nizamat Khan in Bareilly district. In Awadh, the Bhatti of Awadh form a distinct Muslim Rajput community.

South India

In Andhra Pradesh and Tamilnadu people of caste “Bhatraju” are considered to have come from Kshatriya blood line of Pandavas. Chandravansh Kshatriyas Vikramaditya and Bhatti denote some of the known ancestral origins of this community and that’s where part of the name Bhat comes from.

The Bhatti residing in the village of Killianwali, tehsil MaloutMuktsar district, and Shergarh (tehsil Dabwali, Sirsa District, Haryana) have adopted the Sikh religion.



The Bhatti tribe has been known for its architectural craftsmanship in buildingHavelis.

The Bhatti tribe settled throughout the Indus River Valley, from Kashmir in the north to Thatta in the South. They have adapted in many cultures and speak a variety of languages.

In the Punjab (Pakistan) province, Bhatti Rajputs are found in Nankana Sahib,JhangGujranwalaMandi BahauddinLahoreFaisalabadGujratJhelum,GujarkhanShahdadpurChakwalSialkotSahiwalOkaraSargodha, Fateh Jang (Hattar), Talagang, HafizabadNarowalBahawalpurDera Ghazi Khan,Rahim Yar KhanMultanLodhranKhanpurLiaquatpurRawalpindi andBahawalnagar, Vehari, Pakpattan, Kotmurad district Sheikhupura, Sheikhupuracities of the Punjab. One royal family is also found in Kasur (Sattoki), Punjab.

In Sindh Province they are found in the districts of SukkurGhotkiHyderabad,NawabshahSangharTando AdamThattaDaduHalaKhairpurMirpur Khas,ShahdadpurTharparkar, i.e. Mithi and Bhit Island, in Karachi.

In Azad Kashmir they are found in Dhal Qazian, Surrol, Malot, Rangla and Dheerkot in Bagh District. They are also found in Muzaffar Abad, Rawalakot and Poonch.


Bhatti/Bhatti Rajputs are predominantly Hindus in India, while in Pakistan they are mostly Muslims. When Bhatti Rajputs migrated to Punjab region centuries ago, the local Punjabi people started calling them “Bhatti Rajputs” in the localPunjabi language, as Bhatti is pronounced as Bhatti in Punjabi. The majority of the Hindu population of Bhatti Rajputs can be found in the state of Rajasthan,Punjab and Uttar Pradesh; the rest of them are scattered across the rest ofIndia.

The Sikh population of Bhatti Rajputs is in the Doaba and malwa region of Punjab in India.

Bhatti tribes in the Indus River Valley

Bhatti clans in Sindh


The Bhatti tribe is known for its craftsmanship.

The Muslim population of the Sindhi Bhattis is found predominantly in the Sindhprovince. In Sindh the major clans of Bhattis are the DadaniMaharMangrio,Bhutto, Kamario, Rajpar, Bhamban and Indhar. All Bhattis are related toSamma clans as they are Yadubansi too. For example, Abro‘s sub-clans (MungraniKeharOdhoSarkiBhootaniPechohoUnarKhuhroBhayo,Junejo, and Phulpoto) are related to Bhattis.

5. Religion

Bhati/Bhatti Rajputs are Hindus in India while in Pakistan,they are Muslims. When Bhati Rajputs migrated to Punjab region centuries ago, the local Punjabi people started calling them Bhatti Rajputs in local Punjabi language as Bhati is pronounced as Bhatti in Punjabi. Majority of the Hindu population of Bhati Rajputs can be found in the state of Rajasthan, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh, and rest of them are scattered in the rest of India.

The Sikh population of Bhatti Rajputs is in Doaba region of India punjab.

6. Bhatti Clans in Sindh

The Muslim population of the Sindhi Bhattis is found predominantly in Sindh province.In Sindh the major the clans are of Bhattis are theDadani, Mahar,,Mangrio,Bhutto,Kamario,Rajpar,Bhamban and Indhar . All Bhattis are related to Samma clans as they areYadubansi too. Like Abro whose sub-clans Mungrani, Kehar, Odho, Sarki, Bhootani, Pechoho, Unar, Khuhro, Bhayo, Junejo,and Phulpoto are related to Bhattis.

6. 1. Sub-clans in Punjab

There are about forty sub branches of the Bhatis. Many Rajput , Jats and Gujjar tribes trace their origin to the Bhatis. Some of these tribes include Mair Rajputs of Punjab, Rajput Jenjer/Janjar, Rajput Mers of Kathiawar, Rajputs of the Bajju clan as well as the famed Jats of the Sidhu dynasty (currently ruling Patiala), Khaira, Brar, Ghuman, Sahasi, Sansis and Mane clans.Manj Rajputs are also Bhattis.Alpial,Indhar(from which the Rais of Bhong are), Kalyar, Kanjun, Uttera, Noon, Dhandla, Wattu, Bhabha, Diyal, Mittru, and Hattar. In west punjab Narma / Narwa Rajputs.

6. 2. Bhatias

The Bhatias of Northwestern India and Pakistan are descendents of Bhati Rajputs. The present-day Thattai, Shikarpuri and Gujarati Bhatias are said to be descendants of the Rajputs of Raja Jaswal and Rani Padmini‘s rein. They are presently classified with Khatris and form a subclass within them in Punjab. Bhatias of Punjab are essentially tradesmen, although their origin is from Bhati Rajputs..

 Bhatti clans in Punjab

There are about forty sub-branches of the Bhattis/Bhatti. Many Rajput tribes inPunjab trace their origin to the Bhatti. Some of these tribes include Mair Rajputs of Punjab, Rajput Jenjer/Janjar, Rajput Mers of Kathiawar, Rajputs of the Bajju clan as well as the famed Jats of the Sidhu dynasty (currently rulingPatiala). Other Jat clans claiming Bhatti origin include the KhairaBrar,GhumanSahasiSansis and Manes clans. In addition the Manj Rajputs are also Bhatti. Other Rajput clans claiming Bhatti origin include the AlpialIndhar(from which the Rais of Bhong are), KalyarKanjuUtteraNoonDhandla,WattuBhabha, Diyal, Mittru, and Hattar. In Pakistani administered Kashmir, the Narma Rajputs also claim a Bhatti origin.

Genealogy of Jaisalmer Kingdom

1. KEHAR I, founded Tanot in 731AD
   2. TANO
       | 806/821
       | 821/853
  4. DEORAJ, made Ludarva his capital
       | 853/908
  5. MUNDH --------- CHEDU
       | 908/979
       | 979/1044
  7. DUSAJ ---- SINGH ---- BAPIRAO ------ ANKHO ------ MALPASAO
       | 1044/1123
 8. BIJAIRAJ II -------- 1. JAISAL, founder of Jaisalmer in 1156.
       | 1123/1148            | 1153/1168
 9. BHOJDEO            2.SALIVAHAN II-------- 4.KAILAN
         1148/1153            | 1168/1200         | 1200/1219
                         3.BAIJAL         5.CHACHACK DEO I
                                1200/1200         | 1219/1241
                                               TEJ RAO
                                                  | dvp
       9.JAITSI I ---------------------- 6. KARAN SINGH I
           | 1276/1294                            | 1241/1271
      10.MULRAJA I ---- RATAN               7.LAKHAN SEN
           | 1294/1295    |                       | 1271/1275    
       11.DUDA       12.GHARSI ---- KANAR     8.PUNPAL
             1295/1306     | 1306/1335              1275/1276
                       13.KEHAR II (adopted)
                           | 1335/1402
          SOMJI ---- 14. LACHMAN ---- KAILAN ---- KILKARAN ---- SATAL
                           | 1402/1436                         (founded Satalmer)
                     15. BERSI
                           | 1436/1448
                   16. CHACHACK DEO II
                           | 1448/1457
                    17. DEVIDAS
                           | 1457/1497
                    18. JAITSI II
                           | 1497/1530
                   19. KARAN SINGH II --------- 20. LUNKARAN
                             1530/1530                 | 1530/1551
                                                 21. MALDEO
                                                       | 1551/1562

Bhatti fiefdoms

In Rajasthan

  • Jaisalmer
    • Nachana
    • Bikampur
    • Nimbodia
    • Satalmer
    • Tanot
  • Mohi
  • Osian
  • Shergarh, Jinjniyala (Govinda) Kelan Bhatti
    • Umaidnagar
  • Nagaur
    • Gaaju
  • Sodawas
  • Khejarla
    • Satheen
    • Talanpur (Ahichatrapur) – Jassa Bhatti – Haridasot, founded by Shri Viththal Das Ji in the 16th century, earlier inhabited by Nirvan (Rajputs), Shri Viththal Das Ji left Balarwa and settled in Talanpur as desired by Maharaja of Jodhpur. Talnpur Thakur also owned Jagirdari of Beru near Shergarh in Jodhpur and the bone of contention Bichapadi near Kuchera (Butati).
    • Fort Khejarla was constructed in early 1611 A.D. for Maharajah Gopal Das Ji, who was granted ‘Jagirs’ (fiefdoms) of Khejarla and nearby villages for his great achievement in war against the Mughals, in honour of his service to the Maharaja of Jodhpur. The Mughal army rolled in to attack the Fort three times. Each time the Fort was destroyed, it was rebuilt.
    • Mugdara- Jassa Bhatti- Ramawat, Jasaa Bhatti(Ramawat) in Mugdara are migrated from Gogelao/Jivenbera Thikhana of Nagour.

In Himachal Pradesh

  • Sirmur
    • Ratesh

Ch. Fazal Karim Bhatt. A famous Sufi saint of Lahore, he was born in Kasur and died in 1988.

Jadon fiefdoms

In Uttar Pradesh

  • Karauli (Predecessor state of Mathura founded about in 900 A.D.)
    • Inayati
  • Awagarh

In Madhya Pradesh

  • Kathiwada
  • Amuna
  • Magarda


  1. ^ Tribes and Castes of Punjab and North West Frontier Province by H. A Rose[where?]
  2. a b
  3. ^ Reginald Edward Enthoven (1922/1990). The tribes and castes of Bombay. p. 134. ISBN 8120606302.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ Lambert M Surhone, Mariam T Tennoe, Susan F Henssonow, Rukmini – 2010 page 4
  9. ^ Pürnendu Narayana Sinha,A study of the Bhagavata Purana: or, Esoteric Hinduism edited, page 319
  10. ^ J.N. Yadav, “Yadavas through the ages, from ancient period to date, Volume 2″, page 70
  11. ^ J.N. Yadav, “Yadavas through the ages, from ancient period to date, Volume 2″, page 70
  12. ^ Matthew Atmore Sherring. Hindu tribes and castes, Volume 2.Page 335.
  13. ^ R. V. Russell. The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India, Volume 2. Page 52.
  14. ^ Todd, page 1186


Rawal Jaisal Singh was the Bhatti Rajput who founded “The Golden City” of Jaisalmer in 1156 AD. The new fort that he built was on a hill called Trikuta. [7]

Jaisalmer state

(जैसालमेर) (also called Jaisalmer region) is a region of southwestern Rajasthan state in western India. It lies in the southern part of Thar Desert.

Region includes the present-day Jaisalmer District. It is bounded on the north by Jangladesh region, on the east by Marwar region.



Ancient Jaisalmer

Jaisalmer state (Hindi: जैसलमेर राज्य) (also called Jaisalmer Region) is a region of southwestern Rajasthan state in western India. It lies in the southern part of Thar Desert.

Region includes the present-day Jaisalmer District. It is bounded on the north by Jangladesh region, on the east by Marwar region.


The majority of any inhabitants of Jaisalmer are Bhati Rajputs, who take their name from an ancestor named Bhatti, renowned as a warrior when the tribe were located in the Punjab. Shortly after this the clan was driven southwards, and found a refuge in the Indian desert, which was henceforth its home.

The Maharajas of Jaisalmer trace their lineage back to Jaitsimha, a ruler of the Bhati Rajput clan, though Deoraj, a famous prince of the Bhati clan during the 9th century, is esteemed the founder of the Jaisalmer dynasty. With him the title of “Rawal” commenced. “Rawal” means “of the Royal house”. According to legend Deoraj was to marry the daughter of a neighbouring chief. Deoraj’s father and 800 of his family and followers were surprised and massacred at the wedding. Deoraj escaped with the aid of a Brahmin yogi who disguised the prince as a fellow Brahmin. When confronted by the rival chief’s followers hunting for Deoraj, the Brahmin convinced them that the man with him was another Brahmin by eating from the same dish, something no Brahmin holy man would do with someone of another caste. Deoraj and his remaining clan members were able to recover from the loss of so many such that later he built the stronghold of Derawar.[1] Deoraj later captured Laudrava (located about 15 km to the south-east of Jaisalmer) from another Rajput clan and made it his capital.[1]

The major opponents of the Bhati Rajputs were the powerful Rathor clans of Jodhpur and Bikaner. They used to fight battles for the possession of forts and waterholes as from early times the Jaisalmer region had been criss-crossed by camel caravan trade routes which connected northern India and central Asia with the ports of Gujarat on the Arabian Sea coast of India and hence on to Persia and Arabia and Egypt. Jaisalmer’s location made it ideally located as a staging post and for imposing taxes on this trade.

Founding of the City

Bada Bagh panorama

In the 12th century,Rawal Jaisal the eldest son of the Rawal of Deoraj was passed over in favour of a younger half-brother for the throne of Laudrava.[2] Enlisting the aid of Shihabuddin, a Muslim invader from Ghor in Afghanistan, Jaisal captured Lodurva. As he had previously agreed with his ally to allow the city to be sacked for 3 days he was left upon gaining the throne with a ruined city.[1]

While checking out Trikuta a massive triangular rock rising more than 75 metres out of the surrounding sands as a more secure location for a new capital, Rawal Jaisal meet a sage called Eesul, who was staying on the rock. Upon learning that Jaisal was of Yaduvanshi descent, Eesul told him that according to ancient mythology Krishna and Bhima had come to this location for a ceremony, where Krishna had prophesied that a descendent of his Yaduvanshi clan would one day establish a kingdom here Eesul showed him a spring which Krishna had created and his prophecy craved into a rock. Encouraged by this meeting Rawal decided to move his capital to this location despite Eesul predicting that it would be sacked two and a half times.[3]

So it was that in [1156}] Rawal Jaisal established his new capital in the form of a mud fort and named it Jaisalmer after himself. According to some historians the royal Sikh clan of Ahluwalias,rulers ofKapurthala state in Punjab trace their link to Jaisalmer royal family.

Medieval Period

During the Islamic invasion of India, Jaisalmer escaped direct Muslim conquest due to its geographical isolation and the natural protection provided by the desert. The Rawals of Jaisalmer agreed to pay an annual tribute to the Delhi Sultans. The first jauhar of Jaisalmer occurred in 1294, during the reign ofAlauddin Khilji of Delhi. It was provoked by Bhatis’ raid on a massive treasure caravan being transported on 3000 horses and mules.[3][4] Alauddin Khilji was so outraged that his army marched upon Jaisalmer. Rawal Jethsi sent the children, elderly and sick, together with some troops to refuge in the desert and applied a scorched earth policy to the countryside surrounding Jaisalmer while building up a massive store of food within the fort. According to local ballads, the Bhatis defended the fort for 8 years during which the forces left outside of the walls occupied themselves attacking the supply lines of the besiegers. During the siege Rawal Jethsi died and was succeeded by his son Mulraj II. By 1294 the besiegers had received sufficient reinforcements that they were able to impose a complete blockage of the fort which soon exhausted the Bhati’s ammunition and food. The Bhatis, facing certain defeat, decided there was no alternative but to perform the rite of jauhar. 24,000 women committed suicide, most on a funeral pyre though some were killed by the swords of their male relations when the pyre proved too small. The men 3,800, in number then threw open the gates of the fort and advanced to their death.[5] For some years afterwards Jaisalmer remained abandoned before the surviving Bhatis reoccupied it.

In the late 14th century, Sultan Ferozshah also besieged Jaisalmer after a prince of Jaisalmer raided his camp at Anasagar Lake near Ajmer and carried away his prize steed. The siege led to the secondjauhar of the prophecy, the suicide of 16,000 women and the death of Rawal Dudu and his son Tilaski together with 1,700 warriors.[5]

During the 15th century the Bhatis once again reoccupied the site and continued to rule with some independence.

The “half jauhar” of the prophecy occurred in the 16th century when Amir Ali, an Afghan Pathan chieftain obtained Rawal Lunakaran’s permission to let his wives visit the queens of Jaisalmer. Instead of a retinue of palanquins containing women they were full of armed warriors, which took the guards of the fort by surprise. When it seemed to the Rawal that he was fighting a losing battle he slaughtered his womenfolk with his own hands as there was insufficient time to arrange a funeral pyre.[3] Tragically immediately after the deed was done, reinforcements arrived, sparing the men from the Jauhar and Amir Ali was defeated and blown up by a cannon ball. Hence, it is called a half jauhar or Sako.

Mughal Era

While initially Jaisalmer came into conflict with the Mughals. Rawal Lunakarn had a fight withHumayun Sahal Singh rebuilt Jaisalmer fort in stone and extend the kingdom northwards to the Surej River and westward to the Indus River. Attempts to expand to the east bought Jaisalmer into conflict with Bikaner, which lead to Anup Singh of Bikaner invading the kingdom. He was repulsed by Maharawal Amar Singh (1661–1702) though peace was only finally concluded by Maharawal Akhai Singh (1722–62).[6] Despite these disruptions the period was a time of growth and prosperity with the ruling family and the resident merchants building many beautiful palaces and havelis.

Due to its isolated location and the protection of the desert the kingdom was little effected by attacks by the Marathas which effected other kingdoms in the region. However from this time until the accession of Maharawal Mulraj in 1762 the fortunes of the state rapidly declined, as most of its outlying provinces were lost to Rathor clans of Bikaner and Jodhpur, the treasury became depleted and the population shrunk.

Maharawal Mulraj

Territorial stability was obtained during the reign of Maharawal Mulraj’s (1762 to 1819) when in 1818 he signed a treaty with the British, which protected Jaisalmer from invasion provided it was not the aggressor and guaranteed the royal succession. Jaisalmer was one of the last Rajput states to sign a treaty with the British. Jaisalmer was forced to invoke the provisions of the treaty and call on the services of the British in 1829 to avert a war with Bikaner and 10 years later when it was threatened by Afghan forces.[7]

Mehta family and migration of Bhati Royal family towards Pakistan

Facade of a mansion in Jaisalmer

The reigns of both Maharawal Mulraj and his successor were plagued by bitter intrigues between him and the Mehta family who were the hereditary holders of the office of prime minister. Prime minister Swarup Singh Mehta was beheaded by the Bhati heir-apparent in a dispute over a maiden who preferred the prince to the Mehta. It is also claimed that he insulted the prince in public over a debt he owed to him. His young son Salim Singh, 11 at the time, secretly swore revenge on the ruling family. Eliminating many rivals by violence and with many of the ruling family deep in debt to him by the time he succeeded to the position of prime minister he effectively controlled the kingdom. Once in office he used spies and detention of members of the leading families as hostages to maintain control while isolating the power of Rawal Gai Singh (1820 to 1846) who had succeeded to the throne He introduced such heavy taxation that approximately 5000 of the merchants immigrated to other kingdoms which contributed to the downturn in the fortunes of Jaisalmer.[8] Colonel James Tod who was the British political agent for Jaisalmer at this time requested intervention by the British but before this could occur the situation was resolved in 1824 when Salim Singh was stabbed by a noble and for good measure when it appeared he might survive his wound he was poisoned by his own wife.

So in all this situation of chaos Maharawal Gai Singh Bhatti ordered the Royal family to migrate towards the peaceful land of Punjab. Because in the Bhati dynasty of Jaisalmer there was serious threat to the Royal lives. Finally many of the members of Royal family reached the Punjab of present Pakistan, near to Jhang and Chiniot, along with the battalions of Royal Guards. In Punjab the Royal family got almost 5000 KM square land, by the British Raj as an appreciation gift to the Royals of Jaisalmer. Due to peace and prosperity many of the members of the Bhati Royal family preferred residing in Jaisal Bhattian (Pakistani Punjab). And still living in Pakistan.

The Bhati Royal Family In Pakistan

British Raj fully welcomed these members of the Bhati Royal family and gifted millions of agricultural land to them in Punjab. So Royal Family started their Punjabian territory in Punjab. Interesting fact is tht the Royal Family once again put the name of their terroritory capital (JAISAL BHATTIAN) ‘in local language’, and ‘in English’ that is (Jaisal of royal bhatis) in Punjab. So Bhati Family of Jaisal holding the Royal Flag in Pakistan. But rights of Monarchs have been usurped in Pakistan by the civil Govt.

Princely Jaisalmer

Main article: Jaisalmer State

Flag of the princely state of Jaisalmer

During the British Raj, Jaisalmer was the seat of a princely state of the same name, and was entitled to a 15 gun salute.

As traditionally, the main source of income for the kingdom was levies on caravans the economy was heavily affected when Bombay emerged as a major port and sea trade replaced the traditional land routes. Maharawals Ranjit Singh and Bairi Sal Singh attempted to turn around the decline but the dramatic reduction in trade impoverished the kingdom. A severe drought and resulting famine from 1895 to 1900 during the reign of Maharawal Salivahan Singh only made matters worse by causing widespread loss of the livestock that the increasingly agriculturally based kingdom relied upon. Maharawal Jawahir Singh’s (1914–49) attempts at modernization also failed to turn the kingdom’s economy around and it remained isolated and backwards compared with other areas of Rajasthan.

1947 Onwards

Following the independence of India in 1947, Jaisalmer acceded unto the dominion of India. On May 15, 1949, it was united with certain other princely states to form the present-day Indian state ofRajasthan.

The partition of India in 1947 lead to the closing of all the trade routes on the Indo-Pak border and reduced Jaisalmer a drought-prone desert backwater on the international border. Ironically, skirmishes between India and Pakistan gave Jaisalmer a strategic importance and resulted in it being built up into a major army base. Later, the Rajasthan Canal served to revive the surrounding desert areas. The opening of a paved road in 1958 and the completion of a railroad in 1968, connected the hitherto remote town with the rest of Rajasthan.[9] These links allowed Jaisalmer due to the attractions of its old city to develop into one of the major tourist destinations in Rajasthan.

Rulers of Jaisalmer (1530-1971)

Name Reign began CE Reign ended CE
1 Rawal Lon-Karan 1530 1551
2 Rawal Maldev 1551 1562
3 Rawal Harraj – In December 1570, he accepted the protection of the Mughal Empire and became the second Rajput ruler who presented his daughter in marriage to Mughal Emperor Akbar. 1562 1578
4 Rawal Bhim Singh 1578 1624
5 Rawal Kalyan-Das 1624 1634
6 Rawal Manohar-Das 1634 1648
7 Rawal Ram-Chandra 1648 1651
8 Rawal Sabal Singh – Recognized the sovereignty of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. 1651 1661
9 Maharawal Amar Singh – Received the title Maharawal from Mughal EmperorAurangzeb. 1661 1702
10 Maharawal Jaswant Singh 1702 1708
11 Maharawal Budh Singh 1708 1722
12 Maharawal Akhay Singh 1722 1762
13 Maharawal Mulraj Singh II – Became a British protectorate in 1818 as a result of poor administration of ministers Swarup Singh and his son Salim Singh. 1762 1819
14 Maharawal Gaj Singh 1820 1846
15 Maharawal Ranjit Singh 1846 1864
16 Maharawal Bairi Sal 1864 1891
17 Maharajadhiraj Maharawal Salivahan Singh III 1891 1914
18 Maharajadhiraj Maharawal Sir Jawahir Singh 1914 1949
19 Maharajadhiraj Maharawal Girdhar Singh 1949 1950
20 Maharajadhiraj Maharawal Raghunath Singh – Last ruler of Jaisalmer; functions and titles abolished by Indian Constitution in 1971. 1950 1971
  • Silver Shaded Rows signify Moghul Period.
  • Yellow Shaded Rows signify British Raj

House of Bhati at Jaisalmer 1971-Present

Name Reign began CE Reign ended CE
1 Rawal Raghunath Singh 1950 1971
2 Rawal Brijraj Singh 1982 Present


  1. a b c Beny & Matheson. Page 51.
  2. ^ Balfour, Edward (1885). The Cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia:. Original from Oxford University: B. Quaritch. p. page 406.
  3. a b c Crump and Toh. Page 208.
  4. ^ Beny & Matheson. Page 147.
  5. a b Beny & Matheson. Page 149.
  6. ^ Martinelli and Michell, Page 238.
  7. ^ Martinelli and Michell, Page 239.
  8. ^ Beny & Matheson. Page 151.
  9. ^ Martinelli and Michell, Page 239

Further reading

  • Crump, Vivien; Toh, Irene (1996). Rajasthan (hardback). London: Everyman Guides. pp. 400 pages. ISBN 1-85715-887-3.
  • Martinelli, Antonio; Michell, George (2005). The Palaces of Rajasthan. London: Frances Lincoln. pp. 271 pages. ISBN 978-0-7112-2505-3.
  • Tod, James. Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan (With a Preface by Douglas Sladen). 54, Jhansi Road, New Delhi-1100055: Oriental Books Reprint Corporation.
  • Beny, Roland; Matheson, Sylvia A. (1984). Rajasthan – Land of Kings. London: Frederick Muller. pp. 200 pages. ISBN 0-584-95061-6.

Bikaner Indian Princely States


  1. a b c Beny & Matheson. Page 51.
  2. ^ Balfour, Edward (1885). The Cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia:. Original from Oxford University: B. Quaritch. p. page 406.
  3. a b c Crump and Toh. Page 208.
  4. ^ Beny & Matheson. Page 147.
  5. a b Beny & Matheson. Page 149.
  6. ^ Martinelli and Michell, Page 238.
  7. ^ Martinelli and Michell, Page 239.
  8. ^ Beny & Matheson. Page 151.
  9. ^ Martinelli and Michell, Page 239

Further reading

  • Crump, Vivien; Toh, Irene (1996). Rajasthan (hardback). London: Everyman Guides. pp. 400 pages. ISBN 1-85715-887-3.
  • Martinelli, Antonio; Michell, George (2005). The Palaces of Rajasthan. London: Frances Lincoln. pp. 271 pages. ISBN 978-0-7112-2505-3.
  • Tod, James. Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan (With a Preface by Douglas Sladen). 54, Jhansi Road, New Delhi-1100055: Oriental Books Reprint Corporation.
  • Beny, Roland; Matheson, Sylvia A. (1984). Rajasthan – Land of Kings. London: Frederick Muller. pp. 200 pages. ISBN 0-584-95061-6.

Use Facebook to Comment on this Post

4 Responses to Bhatti Rajputs Early History

  1. Attaullah Bhatti says:


  2. Jawwad Ahmad Bhatti says:

    Being a Bhatti Rajput,I am happy to read this article, very informative and especially the historical background of my clan is amazing. Bhatti’s are humble, brave and give great respect to females. Proud to be Rajput Bhatti. Pakistan Zindabad.

  3. Zunnurain Bhatti says:

    Bhatti is in ur blood.
    Dont let ur blood to become white .

    Be a Bhatti always.

  4. Rana Ahsan says:


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